On October 21st, 1966, the Yak-40 passenger aircraft — the world’s first jet aircraft designed for local airlines — made its first flight. When designing the aircraft, the Aleksandr Yakovlev Design Bureau was faced with the task of finding a compromise between reliability, ensuring high flight safety and efficiency, as well as practical for the airfield and modern comfort for passengers.
On October 23rd, 1916, Yakov Tretyakov was born — a full holder of the Order of Glory. During the Great Patriotic War, he was at the front from 1941. The commander of the anti-tank gun, sergeant major Tretyakov, distinguished himself in the destruction of fortifications, firing points and enemy manpower in battles on the territory of the Kalinkovichi District, near the city of Augustow (Poland) and on the outskirts of Berlin. He died in 1985.
On October 23rd, 1991, in accordance with the decision of the Vitebsk City Executive Committee, the Marc Chagall Museum was founded. In honour of the significant events in the life of the famous artist, Belarus’ only Marc Chagall Museum was turned into a world cultural centre. Scientists, artists, writers and musicians gather here, while interesting events also take place. Moreover, International Chagall Days are held annually.
On October 24th, 1901, Annie Edson Taylor — American adventurer – became the first person to survive a trip over Niagara Falls in a barrel on her 63rd birthday.
On October 24th, 1921, Nadezhda Troyan was born — Hero of the Soviet Union, Candidate of Medical Sciences. From the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, she worked in the underground in Smolevichi, then a scout for the Uncle Kolya partisan brigade. She was also a participant in the preparation of the assassination of the General Commissioner of Belarus, Gauleiter W. Kube. After the war, she was Director of the All-Union Research Institute of Health Education of the USSR, Chair of the Red Cross Executive Committee and Vice Rector of the First Moscow State Medical Institute. She died in 2011.
October 24th is the Day of Special Intelligence in the Republic of Belarus. Servicemen of special forces of sovereign Belarus are worthy successors of the heroic traditions of the legendary special forces and successfully solve the problems they face.
October 24th is United Nations Day, celebrated since 1948. On October 24th, 1945, the UN Charter entered into force. Currently, the UN includes 193 states. The main bodies of the UN are: General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), International Court of Justice. Moreover, the UN has a number of its own specialised agencies: international intergovernmental organisations on economic, social and humanitarian issues (UNESCO, WHO, FAO, IMF, ILO, UNIDO and others).
On October 25th, 1936, Viktor Turov was born — a film director, People’s Artist of Belarus, People’s Artist of the USSR. He worked at the Belarusfilm Studio, was the artistic director of the feature film directing workshop of the Belarusian Academy of Arts. He shot the films I Come from My Childhood, War Under the Roofs, Sons Go into Battle, filmed Polesie Chronicle by Ivan Melezh. He was also a laureate of the State Prize of the USSR and the State Prize of Belarus. He died in 1996.
On October 25th, 1881, Picasso Pablo was born (1881-1973) — a French artist of Spanish descent, a public figure and one of the greatest artists of the 20th century. Together with the French artist Georges Braque, he became the founder of Cubism — an avant-garde trend in painting at the beginning of the 20th century. He often worked as a graphic artist, sculptor, ceramist.
On October 26th, 1921, Nikolai Chasnyk was born — Hero of the Soviet Union. During the Great Patriotic War, he was a fighter pilot on the North-Western Front from 1941. The commander of the special-purpose regiment’s flight, senior lieutenant Chasnyk made 685 sorties until April 1944, in 39 air battles he shot down 16 enemy aircraft and 3 aircraft as part of a group. In 1944, he was shot down in battle and was taken prisoner; he took part in the uprising of prisoners in the Buchenwald concentration camp in April 1945. He died in 1993.