DATES. EVENTS. PEOPLE.
On February 9th, 1973, Svetlana Boginskaya was born, a Belarusian athlete (sports gymnastics), Honoured Master of Sports of the USSR. European champion among girls (1986). Champion of the 24th and 25th Olympic Games (1988, 1992). Absolute world champion (1989-1990). European champion in all-around (1986-1987). Many-time champion of the USSR.
On February 9th, the first Belarusian gasoline was obtained in Novopolotsk. This day is considered the birthday of Naftan. Naftan (Novopolotsk Oil Refinery) is one of two Belarusian oil refineries. The plant is located in the industrial zone of the city of Novopolotsk. It is a backbone enterprise, the construction of the plant marked the beginning of a construction settlement in 1958, which became the city of Novopolotsk in 1963.
February 10th is World Pulses Day. It was established by a resolution of the UN General Assembly in December 2018. Pulses are dry seeds of leguminous plants, that is, plants whose fruits ripen in pods (beans). Peas, beans and lentils are the most famous of them. It is known that legumes were part of the diet in the Ancient World, where they were grown specifically for this purpose.
February 10th, 1636, is considered the birthday of the iron. The first documentary mention of the iron was found in the book of expenses of the royal court. The mentioned and described iron costing 5 altyns belonged to the simplest heating type. It weighed about 10 kilogrammes and was monolithic.
February 11th is the International Day of Women and Girls in Science. It was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in order to achieve full and equal access of women and girls to science, as well as to ensure gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls.
On February 12th, 1983, the I.P. Melezh Museum-Estate was opened in the village of Hlinishcha, Khoiniki District, Gomel Region. The exposition of the museum is located in four rooms. Among the exhibits are: household items, the writer’s desk, typewriter, personal belongings of Ivan Melezh and documents. Part of the exposition is occupied by translations of the writer’s works into different languages.
On February 13th, 1873, Feodor Chaliapin was born (1873-1938), a great Russian singer, People’s Artist of the Republic. At various times he was a soloist of the Bolshoi and Mariinsky theatres, as well as the Metropolitan Opera. He also studied painting, graphics and sculpture. He had a great influence on the world opera art.
On February 13th, 2013, heart transplant surgery was first performed in Belarus at the Republican Scientific and Practical Centre ‘Cardiology’. An 11-year-old became the patient. The surgery lasted over four hours. It was conducted by a team of twelve employees of the centre under the leadership of the Head of the Cardiac surgery laboratory of the Republican Scientific and Practical Centre ‘Cardiology’ Yuri Ostrovsky.
On February 13th, 1895, the birthday of world cinema is celebrated — Brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière patented the first motion picture camera. The Lumière brothers demonstrated their invention in action in Paris on December 28th of the same year. They arranged the first commercial public screening of the film The Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat Station in the basement of the Grand Café on the Boulevard des Capucines.
February 15th is the Remembrance Day of Internationalist Soldiers in the Republic of Belarus. On this day in 1989, the last Soviet soldier crossed the bridge of the Amu Darya border river near Termez — the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan was completed. The war in Afghanistan lasted 9 years 1 month and 18 days. Over 14,000 Soviet soldiers died on foreign land. These were the biggest losses of the Soviet Army since the Great Patriotic War.
On February 15th, 2013, a meteorite exploded over the territory of the Chelyabinsk Region in the atmosphere at an altitude of 15-25 kilometres. The size of the celestial body reached 17 metres.