Two major scientific projects launched recently: Human Brain (in the EU) and Brain Initiative (the USA). Attempts are being made to penetrate our consciousness and the secrets of our mind, with the aim of using information to model an artificial intelligence. Belarusian scientists are taking an active part in the process, with efforts consolidated by a new Interdepartmental Research Centre of Artificial Intelligence, established at the National Academy of Sciences’ United Institute of Informatics Problems, in liaison with the Physiology Institute.
A recent presentation demonstrated achievements in this field, and the latest preoccupations, including mobile robots able to solve intellectual tasks — such as calculating the volume of space within a room, and compiling a related map, for transmission to a group of other robots engaged in protecting the area, or in transporting cargo across the territory. Work includes creating systems to analyze photographic images taken from above, and diagnosis of body conditions, to help doctors detect ‘foreign objects’, as well as systems to synthesise and distinguish speech (including Belarusian). Stem cells are being ‘trained’ to transform into neuron cells able to ‘close’ brain traumas, and a special film has been developed to transform 2D pictures into 3D.
Until recently, developers were acting separately but, as the General Director of the United Institute of Informatics Problems, Alexander Tuzikov, explains, “The Centre of Artificial Intelligence has been established to act as a platform for co-operation and experience exchange between scientists working across various spheres within this topic. For example, the United Institute of Informatics Problems enjoys great development in the field of multimedia information processing, while the Physiology Institute is studying how the brain works.” He notes that the Centre is open to other specialists as well. Groups of researchers focusing on this topic are working at the Belarusian State University and at Brest’s State Technical University. There is great potential, so joint realisation of major projects is sure to help us achieve new results in the shortest possible time.
By Yulia Vasilishina