Cedar from Belarusian Vetka
Vetka city in the Gomel Region is the the Belarusian capital of Siberian cedar
Till now, Belarusian Vetka city in the Gomel Region was famous in wide circles as the centre of Old Belief. However, during the last few decades, the district centre has developed one more notable brand — the Belarusian capital of Siberian cedar. After all, here it is possible not only to see the only country’s mini-taiga, but also to harvest pine nuts.
Harvesting of cedar cones being carried out by workers of the Vetka special forestry
Just forty years ago, people in Belarus talked about cedars with notes of genuine grief. After all, cedars did not grow here at all. Even if it was possible to see a taiga pine among local flora, to see its cones-nuts was impossible, because cedar in Belarus does not bear fruit. But in the 1970s, Siberian, Gennady Asanov, decided to dispute this scientifically confirmed fact. At that time, he had left the Kemerovo Region where he worked as a miner, and with his family, grew his roots in the Gomel Region — the homeland of his wife.
I found the well-known cedar-growing pensioner in Vetka’s house in Yanka Kupa Street. I saw cherries, apple-trees and grapes, but where were cedars? The owner trips down a path, pacifying his four-footed guard — the latter is bursting to go into action. However, before coming closer to the cedars, Gennady Vasilevich sits me at the table to drink tea, and surrounds me with plates. Breaking my resistance, he persuades, “Try at least our new home-made honey and the cucumbers from our kitchen garden. It’s very tasty. All beekeepers eat honey only this way.”
I can only agree. I eat his cucumbers with honey, while my host slowly tells how it all started. Since he had read scientific fact about cedars which do not bear fruit in Belarus, he began to doubt it. Mr. Asanov found phone numbers of the Moscow State Forest University where cedar forests occupied 35 hectares. He called them and explained the essence of the internal dispute and asked them to send him planting stock. Soon he received a parcel with three kinds of cedar nuts: Siberian, Korean and shale procumbent cedar. He took them and at once went into his kitchen garden. He tells about that, “At that time I worked in the building enterprise in Marino village if the Dobrush District and I also lived there. I threw the seedlings into the ground on a personal plot of land and shoots soon appeared. This was in 1977. I began to notice that if nuts stick into the ground by rostel — then everything will be ok. At first, when they had not grown, it was necessary to remove any grass that was above them, because they spread their fan of needles then suddenly began to shrivel up — they were weak. But then, after five years, my cedars became stronger. In 1982, I went to Vetka foresters and told them. ‘I have seedlings — it is necessary to put them in a good place’. So they got enthusiastic about the idea and helped.”
When the cone reaches the earth, almost nothing remains in it. When I was young, we tried to collect cones, climbing the trees. And then, on the branches we manually collected them, while some of them were carefully thrown down.
So the taiga islet moved to suburb of Pobuzhie village in Vetka District. The cedar pine was surrounded by bushes on sandy ground, away from wild beasts and barbarism. Mr. Asanov regularly visited this place with a chopper in order to remove the unnecessary grass, so that it did not cover the cedars from the light. And when the trees grew roots in the new place, help was already not necessary for them. The Chernobyl catastrophe occurred at that time, but it did not prevent them from growing. Then, several years ago, a miracle happened — their first crop. Siberian Asanov worries even now, recollecting that time. “When I saw the cones, I breathed out ‘Well hello, fellow countrymen!’ After all, according to scientific data, cedars start to bear fruit 60-70 years after planting. While here, only 33 years had passed. I thought that I will not have time to see them, but it seems that they decided to thank me for my hope and hard work.”
I was late for harvesting of this year and cones had been removed earlier than usual. However, I was interested why and asked some questions.
Do you wait until they fall down?
Gennady Vasilievich laughs loudly, handing over the next cucumber, saying that if you collect nuts in such a way, then you will have nothing.
The height is impressive. Our ‘young children’ are 17 metres in height, while in a taiga they can reach 40 metres. When the cone reaches the earth, almost nothing remains in it. When I was young, we tried to collect cones, climbing the trees. And then, on the branches we manually collected them, while some of them were carefully thrown down.
I look sad. I would not be able to climb a cedar, but the deputy director of the Vetka special forestry enterprise, Ivan Gorelikov, gives me news that is music to my ears. “Why climb? Nowadays we use a tower vehicle. We thought up a special device for collecting, it is like a grapnel.”
Is it like at pirates?
The crop is not big yet. Hardly more than two kilogrammes of nuts. All of them lead to the expansion of the Pobuzhie cedar grove, planting seedlings in the arboretum of forestry enterprise and the Stolbun school forestry. Gennady Vasilievich also keeps his own nursery. Changing his shoes into house slippers, he leads me into the secluded garden corner. There are two boxes, and in them are tiny sprouts: small palms with hats of the former nuts.
In one box is earth from the shop, while in another from the bed where the cucumbers grow. They feel equally well.
However the main gain is indisputable: cedar nuts have gained Belarusian roots. I receive two cones as a gift and an instruction: to crack the nuts not along, but across, like sunflower seeds. “If you had more of them, you would have baked cedar pancakes,” he said. Gennady Vasilievich gave me the recipe for the future: to grind nuts into a powder, to add flour, egg, salt and put it in the oven. Since his childhood he remembers that it is very tasty! So we agreed. In the autumn I will go to him for seedlings. I will plant them near my house and maybe one day, I will make cedar pancakes and will treat people with them.