Belarus — lacustrine plain wood country, land of outstanding natural beauty. Nearly 2000 hectares of forests are specially protected. They include 4 national parks, one forest reserve, 513 republican and local nature reserves, 906 natural monuments — says Vitally Corenchuk, chief of reserve management and studies department of Ministry of natural resources and environmental protection. Three points at ecological country map — National park “Belovejskaya pusshya”, Berezinsky biosphere reserve and Republican landscape reserve “Pribyjskoe Polesye” — are included into the list of the UNESKO World heritage. These territories are of value not only from the ecological and historical point of view, but are also attractive for zoology.
In comparison with the age of a man, ecologic tourism in Belarus is a teenager, and tourism in the areas of outstanding natural beauty is like an infant. The first talk about it appeared only 2 years ago. Specialists wondered if it is possible to allow tourist entrance to the protected from the outside interference area? What will be the reaction of animals? Recreational load on land environment was figured out.
Work began humming in 2006. For that period of time there were created 22 state conservation institutions managing 24 nature reserves of republican purpose. The majority of them are situated in Brest area — 8 for 9 nature reserves. What is the role of the known abbreviation and what attention of the institutions is after? As Tatyana Trafimovich, the main specialist of MinPriroda protected department said “their main aim is patrolling and implementation of events on natural natural preservation”. Besides, the second function (not of less importance) is the infrastructure management and ecotourism management. Today all the activity on the creation of amenities for a man in the nature reserves is financed from Minpriroda’s budget. In perspective the organizations should turn to self-sufficiency for account of tourism. It is quite a real target taking into account that belorusian nature attracts foreign tourists, too. There are those among them who agree to perform as investors of belorusian ecotourism. For instance, in support of Polessky region they implement the project of United Nations Development Program of Global ecologic fund “Polesye” aimed at the development of this region. In frames of the project they carried out the inventory accounting of nature reserves resource potential, determined responsible persons longing for taking part in the tourism development, prepared plans on nature reserves management. The infrastructure for tourists take in is being worked out in many of them — mini-hotels are building up in the nature reserves “Sporovsky” and “Zvanets”.
It is clear that not any type of tourism (it doesn’t matter either ecologic or agro tourism) is successful and popular without proper program. In ecotourism it is represented by ecologic paths and routes. According to the Minpriroda’s plans, they should be in every specially protected area. The paths will show the tourist the most picturesque, or how ecologists say, attractive territories in the area of outstanding natural beauty. Walking there one may see pretty forest, lakes-beads; oversee biological, esthetic, relief diversity of landscapes. As a rule an advanced tourist is interested mostly in animal world, especially in birds. As explained by Boris Yaminsky, the senior research assistant of Institute for zoology of National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, not in vain there is a trend of ornithoscopists on the west. For instance, the Royal Society for Protection of Birds in Great Britain includes more than million members. As a rule it consists of rich people. Such a tendency in Belarus is developing not so fast. There is only one such social organization — “Akhova ptushak Batckaushchini” where beneath the same roof all the feathered tribe fans are gathered together.
However, a modern tourist doesn’t have to see, it’s enough to realize that somewhere nearby a grey wolf is wandering, a lynx is prowling, or a bow-legged bear is hiding. To oversee these faunal forms at short range is quite problematic because ecotourism intend neither aviaries nor cages, and that’s why if you will notice somebody’s side — it is a big luck.
If you saw a blaze left by a bear on the tree, — it’s a distinguished feature, too. ‘In fact, there are many unforgettable places in Belarus’ — considers the scientist. Everybody who saw Kamchatka or Niagara Falls won’t forget it. The view of belorusian swamps, catched sight of mating place (heath cock), etc.
Despite the nepionic age of tourism in the areas of outstanding natural beauty, it made his first move.
BY TRAILWAY OF OUTSTANDING NATURAL BEAUTY DOWN MARVELOUS PLACES
However much a man tried to simplify his way of life, glutting it with equipment, the temptation to primitive nature is irresistible. Under the influence of daily stress he started to realize clearly the healthy power of nature. Footless wood trails, crystal streams and restful, conciliate polyphony of woods beckon stronger